Malassezia, yeast on your scalp, causes dandruff, and while it may sound disgusting, it is found on all scalps (with and without dandruff). However, not everyone’s scalp reacts to Malassezia in the same way, which is why some people get dandruff while others don’t. The most common misunderstanding about dandruff is that it’s caused by dryness (also known as dry scalp, a condition that looks and feels a lot like dandruff). “Many people believe that dandruff is caused by dry skin, but it is actually caused by excess oil on the scalp,” Kingsley explains. The more oily your scalp is, the more your Malassezia yeast multiplies, finally leading to dandruff.
Up to 50% of people suffer from dandruff.
This condition is characterized by an itchy scalp and flakiness, but it can also cause other symptoms such as greasy patches on the scalp and tingling skin.
Dry skin, seborrheic dermatitis, sensitivity to hair products, and the growth of a particular type of fungus that lives on the scalp are all underlying causes of dandruff.
While there are many over-the-counter dandruff treatments available, natural remedies can be just as effective.
Here are 11 easy home remedies for getting rid of dandruff naturally.
Tea tree oil has traditionally been used to treat everything from acne to psoriasis.
It’s also been shown to have anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, which may assist with dandruff symptoms.
It is effective against a particular strain of fungus that can cause both seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff, according to one study.
Another four-week study looked at the effects of tea tree oil on dandruff by giving 126 people a shampoo containing either 5% tea tree oil or a placebo on a daily basis.
Tea tree oil decreased the severity of symptoms by 41% and increased greasiness and itching as the study showed.
Tea tree oil can irritate the skin of those with sensitive skin. Before applying it directly to the skin, dilute it by adding a few drops to a carrier oil like coconut oil.
Tea tree oil has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that may help to alleviate dandruff severity and symptoms.
Coconut oil is well-known for its numerous health benefits, but it is also frequently used as a natural dandruff treatment.
Coconut oil may help to hydrate the skin and prevent dryness, which can exacerbate dandruff.
Coconut oil was found to be just as effective as mineral oil in enhancing skin hydration in a small study of 34 people.
Coconut oil has also been shown to help with the treatment of eczema, a skin condition that can cause dandruff.
The effects of coconut oil and mineral oil on atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema marked by itching and inflammation, were compared in one study.
Coconut oil reduced symptoms by 68 percent after eight weeks of application, compared to just 38 percent in the mineral oil group.
Some test-tube experiments have shown that coconut oil and its compounds have antimicrobial properties, though the effects on the particular strain of fungus that causes dandruff have yet to be investigated.
Coconut oil’s antimicrobial properties may help to hydrate the skin and alleviate eczema and dandruff symptoms.
Aloe vera is a succulent that is commonly used in skincare products such as ointments, cosmetics, and lotions.
Aloe vera is thought to help treat skin conditions such as burns, psoriasis, and cold sores when applied to the skin.
It will also help with the cure of dandruff.
Aloe vera’s antibacterial and antifungal properties, according to one study, may help protect against dandruff.
Similarly, aloe vera was found to be effective against several species of fungi in a test tube study, suggesting that it could help control fungal infections that cause hair loss from the scalp.
Aloe vera has also been shown to decrease inflammation in test tubes, which may help to alleviate symptoms.
Despite these encouraging findings, more research is needed to determine how aloe vera affects dandruff directly.
Antibacterial and antifungal properties are found in aloe vera. As a result, it may aid in the reduction of inflammation and dandruff symptoms.
Many aspects of health and well-being are thought to be affected by stress. It can have an impact on everything from chronic illnesses to mental health.
While stress does not cause dandruff, it can exacerbate symptoms such as itching and dryness.
Long-term exposure to high levels of stress may suppress immune system activity.
A weakened immune system will make it harder for your body to fight off fungal infections and skin conditions that cause dandruff.
Indeed, a study of 82 people with seborrheic dermatitis, one of the most common causes of dandruff, found that the majority of dermatitis episodes were preceded by a stressful life event in the majority of cases.
Try stress-reduction techniques like meditation, yoga, deep breathing, or aromatherapy to keep your stress levels in check.
Stress can weaken the immune system and reduce the body’s ability to fight dandruff-causing infections. Seborrheic dermatitis, one of the most common causes of dandruff, is often preceded by episodes of stress.
A variety of health benefits have been linked to apple cider vinegar. These include increased weight loss and improving insulin sensitivity.
Apple cider vinegar is also commonly used as a natural dandruff treatment.
The vinegar’s acidity is thought to aid in the shedding of dead skin cells on the scalp.
Apple cider vinegar is also said to help fight dandruff by balancing the pH of the skin and reducing the growth of fungus.
However, there are no studies to back up these assertions, and many of the claims about the benefits of apple cider vinegar for dandruff are based on hearsay.
However, tests in the lab have shown that apple cider vinegar and its constituents can inhibit the growth of certain fungi.
Add a few tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to your shampoo or mix it with other essential oils and spray directly on your hair if you want to try it.
Apple cider vinegar is said to aid in the removal of dead skin cells and the balancing of the scalp’s pH. Furthermore, test-tube studies suggest that it may inhibit the growth of certain fungi.
Although the pungent odor of a single garlic clove may put some people off, the medicinal value of garlic should not be underestimated. Garlic’s antifungal properties have fascinated mankind for centuries, and the advantages of raw or crushed garlic (avoid cooked garlic for treating medical conditions) have enthralled mankind for centuries. To see fast results, pound a clove or two of garlic and mix it with water before applying it to your scalp. What about the odor? You could always add some honey and ginger to the mix.
Aspirin’s anti-inflammatory properties are attributed to salicylic acid, one of the main compounds found in the drug.
Salicylic acid, in addition to being found in aspirin, is also found in many anti-dandruff shampoos.
Salicylic acid works by assisting in the removal of scaly skin and loosening flakes for removal.
In one study, 19 dandruff sufferers used one of two shampoos: piroctone olamine combined with salicylic acid or zinc pyrithione.
After four weeks, both shampoos were able to reduce dandruff, but the salicylic acid shampoo was more effective in reducing the severity of scaling.
Another study found that a salicylic acid shampoo was just as effective as a prescription drug for treating seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff.
Crush two aspirin tablets and mix the powder with your shampoo before washing your hair for an easy dandruff treatment.
Salicylic acid, found in many anti-dandruff shampoos, is found in aspirin. In the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff, salicylic acid has been shown to be effective.
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential in the human body.
They are important in the function of your heart, immune system, and lungs, as well as the cell membranes that surround your cells.
Omega-3 fatty acids are important for skin health as well. They aid in the regulation of oil production and hydration, as well as wound healing and the prevention of premature aging.
A lack of omega-3 fatty acids can result in a variety of symptoms, such as dry hair, dry skin, and even dandruff.
Omega-3 fatty acids can also help relieve irritation and dandruff symptoms by reducing inflammation.
Omega-3 fatty acids are abundant in fatty fish such as salmon, trout, and mackerel. You can also increase your intake of omega-3-rich foods like flaxseed, chia seeds, and walnuts by taking a fish oil supplement.
Omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial to skin health and can aid in inflammation reduction. Dry skin, hair, and dandruff may all be symptoms of a deficiency.
This is, in fact, a thing. Exfoliating your scalp gently lifts the top layer of dry skin, similar to exfoliating your skin.
Exfoliators for the scalp usually use small amounts of salicylic acid (more commonly found in acne products) or granules that dissolve to remove dead skin. According to Dr. Weiser, the latter is “extremely beneficial in breaking down the dead skin cells that accumulate on the scalp and cause flaking.”
Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that are beneficial to one’s health.
There are several potential probiotic benefits, including allergy protection, lower cholesterol levels, and weight loss.
Probiotics may also improve immune function, which may aid the body in fighting dandruff-causing fungal infections.
In fact, one study found that taking probiotics for 56 days decreased the severity of dandruff in 60 people.
Probiotics have also been shown to help reduce the symptoms of eczema and dermatitis, particularly in infants and children.
Probiotics can be taken as a supplement for a fast and easy dosage.
Probiotics have been shown to improve immune function and lessen the severity of dandruff.
Baking soda, which can be found in most kitchens around the world, is a simple, easy, and inexpensive way to treat dandruff.
It’s thought to work as a mild exfoliant, removing dead skin cells while also reducing scaling and itching.
Baking soda also has antifungal properties that may help with dandruff treatment.
Baking soda’s antifungal effects were tested in a test tube on some of the most common fungus strains that cause skin infections.
After seven days, baking soda was able to completely stop fungal growth in 79 percent of specimens.
The effects of baking soda on 31 people with psoriasis were studied in another study. After just three weeks of treatment with baking soda baths, both itchiness and irritation were greatly reduced.
Baking soda baths can also assist with itchiness in other conditions like atopic dermatitis, according to treatment guidelines.
Apply baking soda directly to wet hair and massage it into your scalp for the best results. Allow it to sit for a few minutes before shampooing your hair as usual.
Baking soda has antifungal properties and may be used to alleviate itching and irritation on the skin.
Although dandruff can be a bothersome problem, there are a number of natural remedies that can help alleviate symptoms and provide relief.
Give a few of these natural remedies a try the next time you notice flakes.
To maximize treatment effectiveness, use these remedies alone or in combination with over-the-counter products like anti-dandruff shampoos.